Bone Grafting

Bone grafting is a surgical procedure used to augment or regenerate bone in the jaw to support dental implants, repair bone defects, or enhance the stability of dentures. During the procedure, bone graft material, which can be sourced from the patient's own body, a donor, or synthetic materials, is placed in the area of bone deficiency or resorption. Over time, the graft material stimulates the body's natural healing response, promoting the growth of new bone tissue and integrating with the existing bone structure. Bone grafting is essential for patients with insufficient bone volume in the jaw due to tooth loss, periodontal disease, trauma, or developmental abnormalities, allowing them to undergo successful dental implant placement and restore function and aesthetics to the smile. 

Types of Bone Grafting 

Autogenous Bone Grafts 

Autogenous bone grafts, or autografts, involve harvesting bone from the patient's body, typically from areas such as the chin, jaw, hip, or tibia. This type of grafting offers several advantages, including excellent biocompatibility, osteogenic properties, and minimal risk of rejection or infection. Due to their high success rates and long-term stability, autogenous bone grafts are often considered the gold standard for bone augmentation procedures. 

Allogeneic Bone Grafts 

Allogeneic bone grafts involve using bone tissue from a donor, either cadaveric or synthetic, to augment or regenerate bone in the jaw. These grafts are processed and sterilized to remove living cells, reducing the risk of immune rejection or disease transmission. Allogeneic bone grafts offer an alternative to autogenous grafts and are suitable for patients who cannot undergo autogenous bone harvesting or prefer to avoid additional surgical sites. 

Xenogeneic Bone Grafts 

Xenogeneic bone grafts utilize bone tissue sourced from non-human species, typically bovine (cow) or porcine (pig) sources. Like allogeneic grafts, xenogeneic grafts undergo processing to remove living cells and minimize the risk of immune rejection or disease transmission. These grafts provide a readily available and cost-effective alternative to autogenous grafts and are commonly used in dental implant procedures and ridge augmentation. 

Alloplastic Bone Grafts 

Alloplastic bone grafts consist of synthetic materials such as hydroxyapatite, tricalcium phosphate, or bioactive glass, which mimic the composition and structure of natural bone. These materials are biocompatible and osteoconductive, promoting new bone growth as a scaffold for bone formation. Alloplastic bone grafts offer several advantages, including unlimited availability, easy handling, and the absence of donor-site morbidity. 

The Bone Grafting Procedure 

  • The patient undergoes a thorough examination, including a medical history review and imaging (X-rays, CT scans), to assess bone quality and quantity, identify any underlying conditions, and determine the need for bone grafting. 
  • Local anesthesia or sedation is administered to ensure the patient's comfort during the procedure. General anesthesia may be recommended for more complex cases or patients with anxiety. 
  • The oral surgeon makes an incision in the gum tissue to expose the underlying bone at the treatment site, providing access to the bone grafting procedure. 
  • Depending on the graft material (autogenous, allogeneic, xenogeneic, alloplastic), the bone graft may be harvested from the patient's body (e.g., jaw, hip), obtained from a donor, or made of synthetic materials. 
  • The bone graft material is carefully placed into the bone defect or augmentation site, filling gaps and supporting new bone growth. The graft may be shaped or contoured to achieve optimal fit and stability. 
  • In some cases, the bone graft may be secured in place using screws, pins, membranes, or other fixation devices to stabilize the graft and promote integration with the surrounding bone tissue. 
  • The incision site is closed with sutures to facilitate proper healing and minimize the risk of infection. The surgeon may also apply a protective membrane or barrier over the graft site to enhance healing and prevent soft tissue ingrowth. 
  • The patient receives postoperative instructions, including guidelines for oral hygiene, diet modifications, and medication use (e.g., antibiotics and pain relievers). Follow-up appointments are scheduled to monitor healing progress, assess graft integration, and evaluate the success of the bone grafting procedure. Contact us today! 

The Benefits of Bone Grafting 

Facilitates Dental Implant Placement 

One of the primary benefits of bone grafting is its ability to facilitate dental implant placement in patients with insufficient jaw bone volume. By augmenting or regenerating bone in areas of bone deficiency, bone grafting provides a stable foundation for dental implants, ensuring their long-term success and durability. 

Restores Oral Function 

Bone grafting helps restore oral function by replacing lost or damaged bone tissue, which may have been caused by tooth loss, periodontal disease, trauma, or developmental abnormalities. By improving bone density and volume, bone grafting enhances chewing efficiency, speech clarity, and oral function. 

Improves Aesthetic Outcomes 

Bone loss in the jaw can lead to facial collapse, sagging of the skin, and changes in facial appearance, affecting a person's aesthetic appearance and self-confidence. Bone grafting restores facial contours and supports soft tissue structures, improving facial aesthetics and a more youthful appearance. 

Preserves Bone and Tooth Structure 

Bone grafting preserves bone and tooth structure by preventing further bone resorption or loss in areas affected by tooth loss or periodontal disease. By maintaining bone volume and density, bone grafting helps preserve adjacent teeth, prevent tooth movement or shifting, and support long-term oral health. 

Bone grafting is a transformative procedure that addresses bone loss in the jaw and restores oral health, function, and aesthetics. If you're considering bone grafting treatment, visit Blue Turtle Dental at one of our convenient locations at 2290 Birch St, Ste A, Palo Alto, CA 94306, 81 Birch Street, Redwood City, CA 94062, or 1394 Franklin St., Santa Clara, CA 95050 to explore the potential benefits and develop a personalized treatment plan tailored to your oral health goals. You can schedule an appointment online or call us at (650) 503-6777, (650) 345-5300 or (408) 246-6030.

Locations

1394 Franklin St., Santa Clara, CA 95050

Phone: (408) 246-6030

Email: infosc@blueturtledental.com

  • MON - THU8:00 am - 5:00 pm
  • FRI - SUNClosed
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2290 Birch St. Ste A, Palo Alto, CA 94306

Phone: (650) 503-6777

Email: info@blueturtledental.com

  • MON - FRI8:00 am - 5:00 pm
  • SAT8:00 am - 1:00 pm
  • SUNClosed
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81 Birch St., Redwood City, CA 94062

Phone: (650) 345-5300

Email: inforwc@blueturtledental.com

  • MON - THU8:00 am - 5:00 pm
  • FRI - SUNClosed
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81 Birch St., Redwood City, CA 94062

Phone: (650) 257-0213

Email: inforwc@blueturtledental.com

  • MON - THU8:00 am - 5:00 pm
  • FRI - SUNClosed
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